Alan Turing, el genio que “descubrió” la I.A. y fue vencido por una sociedad homofóbica

Apenas 26 años tenía Alan Turing cuando comenzó a trabajar para el servicio oficial de cifrado en Londres. Sabía de criptología y se imaginaba que podría existir una computadora capaz de resolver cualquier problema traducido a expresiones matemáticas. Turing pensaba que podría reducir las cifras, letras, imágenes y sonidos a unos y ceros y resolver, así, los problemas en sencillos pasos. Era 1936, inimaginable entonces para la humanidad pero no para él: estaba planteando por primera vez lo que se conocería como inteligencia artificial.

¿Las máquinas pueden pensar? se preguntó y pateó el tablero científico con sus aportes invalorables. Su trabajo más emblemático fue el que realizó al crear a Bombe, la máquina que “desencriptó” los mensajes del ejército alemán durante la II Guerra Mundial, lo que permitió adelantarse a una estrategia y, así, salvar millones de vidas.

Pero ninguno de sus formidables descubrimientos y aportes pudo erradicar el peor de los males: los prejuicios que generaba su homosexualidad. Fue en la cumbre de su carrera cuando el gobierno británico lo juzgó y condenó por “conductas indecentes”. Las opciones fueron demoledoras: cárcel o castración química. Turing eligió la segunda opción. Pero esa mutilación no fue suficiente: le prohibieron entrar a Bletchley Park, la instalación militar donde se desarrollaba el encriptado y esa medida lo sumió en una profunda e irreversible depresión.

Dos años después, murió al morder una manzana envenenada con cianuro en su propio laboratorio.

La vida y el legado de Alan Turing fueron los protagonistas de la primera entrega de la serie de videos #LGTB , de Fundacion Naumann y la Fundación Gonzalez.

Gracias al pensamiento liberal, la figura de Turing es reivindicada y forma parte del largo camino hacia la plena igualdad de las personas, ese lugar donde el Estado nada tiene que hacer ni decir de las relaciones que las personas adultas establecen en sus vidas.

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